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Delciously Diabetic #2


Clinical Trials

 

Both the University of Arkansas and similar research in Finland shows that in clinical trials, Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented, as well as heart disease and some forms of cancers. Losing 7 to 10 percent of your current body weight can reduce the chance if you are over weight. Inactivity, smoking, and eaating less carbohydrates are all factors that contribute to these diseases.

Lets talk about exercise. You do not have to exercise long or hard, but working muscles often and harder improves their ability to absorb glucose and use insulin, as well as putting less stress on our insulin making cells.

Try eating more whole grains, but make sure the first ingredient listed says "Whole Grain", not enriched wheat flour or something else.

Choose eating "healthy" fats, not trans fats. Good fats are those found in fish, cannola oil, olive oil, and nuts. Trans fats are found in a lot of margarines, packaged foods and in most fried foods at restaurants. Do not eat "partially hydrogenated vegetable oil". If you don't like fish, try taking Omega 3 capsules or Flax Seed Oil capsules to decrease your chance of heart attack.

SOURCE: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, February 2006.

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A diet high in whole grains may lower a person's likelihood of developing diabetes and heart disease, new study findings show.

Among more than 900 healthy men and women, those who reported consuming the most whole grains had lower levels of cholesterol and various markers of heart disease and better-controlled blood sugar.

"This suggests that people with a high whole-grain intake may have lower risks of diabetes and ischemic heart disease," study author Majken Karoline Jensen, of Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, told Reuters Health.

Jensen and colleagues found that healthy men and women who reported the highest intake of whole grains had levels of homocysteine, a blood protein that has been tied to heart disease and stroke, that were 17 percent lower than those who reported consuming the least amount of whole grains.

Apart from the better cholesterol and blood sugar levels, levels of insulin and C-peptide, a marker of insulin production, were also 14 percent lower in the high whole-grain consumers, the researchers report in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Furthermore, concentrations of leptin, a hormone that generally reflects body fat levels, were 11 percent lower among the whole-grain eaters than among their counterparts.

"Together with a growing body of evidence on the effects of refined carbohydrates versus whole grains, our study suggests that replacing refined grain products with whole grain products may be beneficial in terms of lowering cholesterol levels and maintaining a constant blood sugar," Jensen told Reuters Health.

MEMORY

Another study was done showing that good blood glucose control improves short term memory vs. high levels can impair memory as pusblished in the February 2006 issue of "Diabetes Care".

After a 24 weeks clinical trial it was observed that those people who lowered their level, and the group who had already controlled their level improved when taking memory tests.


Voice of the Diabetic

 

"Voice of the Diabetic" is a free quarterly magazine produced by the National Federation of the Blind, Diabetes Action Network. This new Diabetic magazine is very informative and carries many articles relating to Diabetes. It is worth receiving and give you a lot of hints and information for making your life better.

You can find them at http://www.NFB.org/voice.htm 

Their site will have a form to print out to sign up for a subscription.

The newest issue contains articles on:,

We have a future.  So what can you do?

  New Diabetic Neuropathy Medication

 Read the label carefully

 Insulin-free: Pancreas and islet transplantation to treat type 1 Diabetes

  An aspirin a day,  Beginning carb counting: Ten cost-cuting tips

 Reflecting on Obesity , Opening blind eyes to science, 

Medicare therapeutic shoe progam

,  Anondyne Therapy and Diabetic Pripheral Neuropathy

bDiabetes, heart attacks and strokes,  Diabetes: First impression, 

A worthwhile book

 Dealing with Diabetes,  Day-to-day

, Ask the doctor,

New treatment or diabetic foot ulcers, Living with Diabetes 50 years

,  Amputations due to diabetes can be prevented, Healthy home cooking

, Recipe corner

, Book Reviews -

Diabetes: Where we are today, where we will be tomorrow Resource Roundup


Episodes of Hypoglycemia while sleeping?

If you are like me you check your sugar level prior to going to sleep to make sure your sugar isn't going to go too low. There is a new product out called "Sleep Sentry" that is worn on the wrist. As you sleep, your wrist can perspire and you could have a drop in body temperature. These are symptoms of a low blood sugar. Should this occur, the "Sleep Sentry" will set off an alarm so you can do a blood test. You can find more about this tiny but important tool for Diabetes by checking the website http://www.sleepsentry.com.


Eye Complications

 

You may have heard from the American Diabetes Association that Diabetes causes not just eye problems, but can lead to blindness.

Most Diabetics have nothing more than minor eye disorders. However, if you do develop a major problem, there are treatments that often work well if you begin them right away.

Glaucoma Diabetics have a 40% more chance of suffering from Glaucoma then others. Risk increases with age and the longer someone has had diabetes.

Glaucoma is a result of pressure building up in the eye. In most cases, the pressure causes drainage of the aqueous humor to slow down so that it builds up in the anterior chamber. The pressure pinches the blood vessels that carry blood to the retina and optic nerve. Vision is gradually lost because the retina and nerve are damaged.

There are several treatments for glaucoma. Some use drugs to reduce pressure in the eye, while others involve surgery.

Cataracts People with diabetes are 60% more likely to develop this eye condition, and also tend to get cataracts at an earlier age while progressing faster then in others. Cataracts cause the eye's clear lens to cloud, blocking light.

Wearing sunlasses more often and using glare-control lenses in regular glasses will help deal with mild cataracts. Sometimes the doctor will have to do surgery on cataracts as they get worse. Normally, the doctor usually remove the lens of the eye. Sometimes the patient gets a new transplanted lens. In people with diabetes, retinopathy can get worse after removal of the lens, and glaucoma may start to develop.

Retinopathy A general term for Diabetic retinopathy covers mostl disorders of the retina caused by diabetes. Retinopathy is the major cause of blindness in people with diabetes. There are two major types of retinopathy: nonproliferative and proliferative.

Nonproliferative retinopathy is the most common form of retinopathy. In nonproliferative retinopathy, capillaries in the back of the eye balloon and form pouches. Nonproliferative retinopathy can move through three stages (mild, moderate, and severe), as more and more blood vessels become blocked. Although retinopathy does not usually cause vision loss at this stage, the capillary walls may lose their ability to control the passage of substances between the blood and the retina. Fluid can leak into the part of the eye where focusing occurs, the macula. When the macula swells with fluid, a condition called macula edema, vision blurs and can be lost entirely. Although nonproliferative retinopathy usually does not require treatment, macular edema must be treated, but fortunately treatment is usually effective at stopping and sometimes reversing vision loss.

In some people, retinopathy progresses after several years to a more serious form called proliferative retinopathy. In this form, the blood vessels are so damaged they close off. In response, new blood vessels start growing in the retina. These new vessels are weak and can leak blood, blocking vision, which is a condition called vitreous hemorrhage. The new blood vessels can also cause scar tissue to grow. After the scar tissue shrinks, it can distort the retina or pull it out of place -- this is called retinal detachment.

Your retina can be badly damaged before you notice any change in vision. Most people with nonproliferative retinopathy have no symptoms. Even with proliferative retinopathy, the more dangerous form, people sometimes have no symptoms until it is too late to treat them. For this reason, you should have your eyes examined regularly by an eye care professional.

Several factors influence whether you get retinopathy. These include your blood sugar control, your blood pressure levels, how long you have had diabetes, and your genes.

The longer you've had diabetes, the more likely you are to have retinopathy. Almost everyone with type 1 diabetes will eventually have nonproliferative retinopathy. And most people with type 2 diabetes will also get it. But the retinopathy that destroys vision, proliferative retinopathy, is far less common.

People who keep their blood sugar levels closer to normal are less likely to have retinopathy or to have milder forms.


Alzheimers and Diabetes

 

A Diabetic's risk of developing Alzheimer's if they live long enough, into the 60s and 70s when Alzheimer's typically strikes, Craft says.

Type 2 diabetes often leads to heart disease or other ailments that kill before then. Avandia, and the competing drug Actos, treat Type 2 diabetes by resensitizing the body to insulin.

Don't use Avandia for Alzheimer's until that question is settled, cautions Glaxo's Allen Roses, a highly regarded Alzheimer's researcher who, before joining the pharmaceutical company, discovered the brain disease's main genetic link. He published the diabetes hypothesis in the medical journal Alzheimer's & Dementia last week.

If it pans out, "one thing we can do is, possibly, slow down the onset of the disease showing up," Roses says. But for now, "it's a hopeful experiment that's in progress."

Yet it's generating intense interest. "This is an exciting new approach," Yadong Huang of the University of California, San Francisco, wrote in a review of Roses' hypothesis, backed by genetics research from Huang's own lab.


Diabetics Fluffing Off Doctor's Examas!

 

Not Even Half Of All Adults With Diabetes Get Critically Important Yearly Exams, USA

According to Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, less than half of adults who have been diagnosed with diabetes say they obtain all three of the important yearly medical tests that are needed to properly manage the disease. AHRQ's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey finds that only 41.7 percent of adults with diabetes reported having been checked within the past year for blood sugar level, diabetic retinopathy or other eye damage caused by diabetes, and foot sores and irritation. These three tests - hemoglobin A1C, dilated eye exam, and foot exam - are considered critical for controlling diabetes.

In interviews conducted in 2003, just over half - 50.1 percent - reported having one or two of the exams, Less than 5 percent (4.6 percent) reported having none of the exams, and 3.6 percent said they did not know if they received any of these tests.

MEPS collects information each year from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households about health care use, expenses, access, health status and quality. MEPS is a unique government survey because of the degree of detail in its data, as well as its ability to link data on health services spending and health insurance to demographic, employment, economic, health status, and other characteristics of individuals and families.

Diabetics must take resonsibility in their lifes, particularly when it involves life-threatening diseases such as Diabetes. No one likes the blood tests, the cost of the office visit, or the inconvenience of going to the doctor, BUT these examples are nothing compared to losing your sight, a limb, having a heart attack or stroke, or even worse - death. If your doctor is not insisting on these tests, it may be time to change to a doctor that cares.


To Exercise or Not

 

Everyone knows that exercise is very important in controlling Diabetes, but do you know why? According to The Cleveland Clinic, exercise improves the body's use of insulin, improves muscle strength, helps burn off excess fat, helps in losing weight, lowers blood pressure, improves circulaton, increases energy, reduces stress, improves appearance, raises good cholesteral, and increases bone density.


Improving Memory

 

Improving Diabetes Control May Improve Memory - March 2006

If you need another reason to aim for better blood glucose control, a new study has provided one: Improving control may help to improve working memory, the kind of short-term memory that allows us to learn and carry out tasks.

Previous research had suggested that high blood glucose levels could impair memory, so researchers set out to see whether lowering blood glucose levels would have the opposite effect. The study, published in the February 2006 issue of Diabetes Care, enrolled 145 middle-aged and older adults with Type 2 diabetes who used the diabetes drug metformin (brand name Glucophage). The researchers gave the participants cognitive tests that assessed their working memory. Then they randomly assigned them to take, along with the metformin, either rosiglitazone (brand name Avandia) or a glyburide.

After 24 weeks, the researchers measured the participants’ blood glucose control with fasting plasma glucose tests. Both groups' results had improved. The participants took the memory tests again, and both groups’ scores improved. There was a strong correlation between the improvements in fasting plasma glucose levels and improvements in test scores.

The study only followed the participants for a relatively short period, so there’s no way of knowing how long improvements in memory may last. The researchers also noted that the participants had relatively good blood glucose control when the study started, so further research would be necessary to see if people with poor glucose control would fare as well. Further studies would also be needed to see if the benefits of blood glucose control would be greater in people with more severe cognitive impairment.

This article was written by Katharine Davis, Web Editor of DiabetesSelfManagement.com.


Mayo Clinic Speaks

 

Mayo Clinic states that it is imperative that you log your blood tests. In your log make sure to show daily activities, date and time of testing, results, dosage of medications, and all episodes of low readings. Also note travel, parties, exercise, illness, or skipped meals. This information can help your doctor look for patterns that make your readings fluctuate. Up to two hours after a meal your blood sugar will be at its highest level. What you eat, how much you eat, and what time you eat will affect your readings. Try to eat at the same time and approximately the same amount. Although food consists of protein, fat, and carbohydrates, all three will increase your blood sugar, but carbohydrates have the most affect. In order to prevent or delay complications of Diabetes, such as kidney disease, nerve or eye problems, etc. they deem a tight control range of 70-120 mg/dl before meals and less than 180 mg/dl after meals.

Physical illness such as the flu, cold, or a bacterial infection will also affect your levels, as will some new medications. If your levels are consistently high, too low, or fluctuate dramatically, make sure to talk to your doctor for a different plan of treatment. Since high blood sugar can cause damage to multiple organs in your body, it is just as dangerous as having your blood sugar go too low. When eating low carb, it is of the utmost importance that you monitor your levels. If you sugar is too low, increase the carb intake and in a case of emergency, immediately have a soft drink (not diet), a half cup of juice, a piece of hard candy equal to about five Life Savers, or Glucose tablets. These are sold at your local pharmacy and are good to carry in your purse, pocket, or car just in case. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can lead to confusion, blurred vision, shakiness and unconsciousness. Diabetes is a very serious disease, but it can be controlled by diet and/or medications. For further information on Diabetes go to www.mayoclinic.com.


Kidney Failure Rise in Younger Diabetics

 

According to The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2006, new research shows that people who become a Type 2 Diabetic before the age of 20 have a significant increase in risk of kidney failure and death between the ages 25 to 55. The research was done over a 40+ year span of time. Compared to non Diabetics, the death rate was three times greater in people who became Diabetic prior to age 20, and 1.4 times higher then the non Diabetic with an older-onset. With Diabetes and obesity growing rapidly, this is a serious matter.


Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes

 

There is a wonderful site that explains everything you need to know about Diabetes. If you have any questions, please check them out. Click here!


Diabetic Self-Management Over the Phone

 

According to Katharine Davis, Web Editor of DiabetesSelfManagement.com If you, or someone you know is Diabetic, and has a visual impairment or another disability keeps you/them from enjoying Diabetes Self-Management, you can now listen to the magazine over the phone. Diabetes Self-Management’s articles recently became available as electronically produced recordings through a hotline called NFB-NEWSLINE, a service provided by the National Federation of the Blind.

Diabetes Self-Management is one of four magazines available on NFB-NEWSLINE; the others are AARP Magazine, The Economist, and The New Yorker. Many national and local newspapers are also available.

You can access NFB-NEWSLINE via a local or toll-free phone number 24 hours a day, seven days a week. To take advantage of the service, you first must become an NFB-NEWSLINE subscriber. Subscription is free and open to people who cannot read printed materials because of a physical disability. To subscribe or for more information, call the National Federation of the Blind at (866) 504-7300.

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Millions of U.S. Teens at Risk

 

According to Warren King ofthe Seattle Times, nearly 2.8 million teenagers in the United States could be on the brink of developing type 2 diabetes — a disease that used to be almost exclusive to adults — and another 39,000 teens may already have the disease, a University of Washington scientist has estimated in a new analysis of the growing prevalence of diabetes.

The findings support growing concerns because of the increasing number of kids who are overweight, a major factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. The disease eventually can lead to kidney failure, limb amputations, blindness, heart disease, strokes and high blood pressure.

Glen Duncan, the University of Washington assistant professor of nutrition conducted a study showing a reduction in physical acivity and an increase in weight. “These things go hand in hand with diabetes, so this is no surprise to me at all.”

Duncan’s research, reported in the May edition of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, echoes previous findings from the National Institutes of Health that showed a growth of type 2 diabetes in younger people. Duncan used data from extensive national health and nutrition surveys from 1999 to 2002 to reach his findings.

Among a sample of 4,370 youths aged 12 to 19, only 18 had been told by a physician they had any type of diabetes. But blood samples from 1,496 who said they didn’t have the disease showed that about 11 percent had impaired glucose tolerance levels, or were “pre-diabetic.” The findings indicated that 39,000 U.S. teens have type 2 diabetes and nearly 2.8 million are pre-diabetic.

Seattle community organizations also have been encouraging kids to walk to school instead of riding the bus. Last year, an informal Seattle Public Schools survey found that only about 12 percent of kids walk or bicycle to school.


1 Out of Every 4 Children

 

According to the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, one in every four children born in the United States in the year 2000 is expected to have diabetes by their teenage years. Now is the time to educate the young on proper eating, good and bad carbs, and the importance of physical activity vs watching T.V., talking on the phone, or playing a video game.


Is Diabetes at Pandemic Proportions?

 

The World Health Organization may very well be announcing that Diabetes just as Obesity is now a pandemic.

U.S. Diabetes rose by about 6 percent in 1999 in what the government called dramatic evidence of an unfolding epidemic compared to today, in which one out of every eight people in New York City has diabetes

Obesity and lack of exercise has increased Diabetes by 64% according to the Centers for Disease Control, and it is growing 1%, per year.

According to the CDC the sharpest rise has been about 70% amoung people between the ages of 30 to 39.

In addition to the high confirmed numbers, there are approximately 16 million people at the boarderline (pre-diabetics).

Low carb is now marketing to more the 18 million American Diabetics, and the mollions who are still undiagnosed.

According to a new book, the author "explained that the Atkins method works effectively to manage diabetes by the way it limits carbohydrate intake. Carb intake signals the body to produce more insulin. This process ultimately perpetuates the obesity and diabetes epidemics. Lack of exercise, equals lack of oxygen, which makes one insulin sensitive, a pre-diabetic state."

About 90% of diabetics in the USA have type 2 diabetes. The disease occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin and use it effectively to move glucose, a type of sugar, from the blood into cells, where it is used for energy.

According to Peter Knopfler, "There's something you can do about it, and it's an easy something: You can change your metabolism by changing what you put on your plate and by increasing physical activity.

In simple terms, to manage diabetes is to manage the carbohydrates you put in your mouth ...by overeating carbohydrates you tell the body to make more insulin, and that's the pathway to the epidemic of overweight, obesity and diabetes. It's true that carbohydrates affect insulin levels, and a reduction in carbohydrates could lower the need for insulin-boosting medications, so says most research.

Studies have compared low-carb diets with more traditional low-fat diets and found that after six months, the low-carb eaters lost more weight. After 12 months, the difference vanished, but the low-carb group had increased insulin sensitivity, a measure of the body's ability to use insulin efficiently, says Samuel Klein of Washington University in St. Louis.


diab_0.jpg

The CDC is a wonderful resource site about Diabetes that includes the following topics:

  • Diabetes Home
  • Basics
  • Who is at Risk?
  • Living with Diabetest
  • Programs & Research
  • Training & Leaning
  • National Data
  • State Data
  • County-level data
  • Diabetes Statistics - Resources
  • Click Here!


     

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